Types of Red Wine

It can be difficult to learn about different types of wines since each type offers unique charetersistics and flavors. Here is the list of each of them, which you can learn and know what you can expect from each of them.

Cabernet Sauvignon.

Cabernet Sauvignon is considered as one of the world’s best varieties. Wine can be made from this variety provided it is in a warm climate. It is originally from Bordeaux in France, but can grow well in Spain, Chile, Australia, South Africa, California, Italy and more. For instance, Silver Oak Winery in California is famous for its Cabernet Sauvignon. This wine can age for about 15 years.


Merlot is fruitier than Cabernet Sauvignon. It has a reminiscent of black currant, nice flavor and high content of alcohol. Merlot is mostly planted in Bordeaux. Additionally, it is very popular in Chile, California, Italy and other regions where Cabernet is grown.


Malbec was initially used as a blending grape in Bordeaux wines, however, recently has become the star of Chilean and Argentina wines. Argentina winemakers learnt that Malbec grows well in a long season with a lot of sun, making it an impeccable grape in South America. Malbec has a deep red color, with full-bodied flavors of tannins and berries.


Mourvedre wine is very popular in Valencia in Spain, the Rhone region of France, California, Washington, Jumilla and Australia. This grape is used typically in red wine blends such as Mourvedre, Grenache and Syrah. It makes wine with high alcohol and high tannins.

Shiraz or Syrah

Syrah and Shiraz are two names for the same variety. Europe vintners only use the name Syrah. Syrah has been a famous grape variety. It makes a very dark, medium-bodied, robust flavored wine. Australia’s Syrah, known as Shiraz, has a wide range of flavors ranging from fruity and light to spicy and robust.


Sangiovese is grown in Tuscany, mainly in Chianti. Sangiovese makes Italy’s most famous red wine Of all the types of red wine that come from Italy. Sangiovese makes dry, tannic wines like Vino Nobile de Montepulciano and Brunello DI Monalcino. They are considered to be some of the best wines from Italy and have to be aged before enjoying.


Zinfandel is one of the oldest and most popular types of red wine in California. Most Zinfandel wines have lots of fruit flavors and enough tannins to even out the flavor. Zinfandel flavors range from being intense with high tannins, to a lighter and a fruitier type of red wine. It can have the flavor of blackberries and smell like coffee, raspberries, chocolate, cherries or oak. Zinfandel vines can grow for up to 100 years. One rule of thumb with Zinfandel wine is that the older the vines, the more intense the wine.


Barbera wine was originally made its name in Italy, but now is becoming very popular in Argentina and California. This wine has low tannins, a beautiful deep color and flavors of fruit and spices. It is a very easy drinking wine.

Learning how these varieties of red wine differ, and how their flavors, aromas, and other characteristics work, will help you pick the best red wines for any situation.